So anyway, colonialism.
BP1: Why were Asian and African societies incorporated into European colonial empires later than those of the Americas? How would you compare their colonial experiences?
Europeans incorporated Asian and African societies into their empires later than those of the Americas for a number of reasons, including their lack of a disease advantage over indigenous populations and, in fact, in the case of tropical regions the distinct disease disadvantage of Europeans compared to indigenous populations (remember episode III of Guns, Germs & Steel?)
Also a factor was the Europeans’ reliance on military advantages gained from the Industrial Revolution.
And there was internal competition between European states that drove the accumulation of colonial territories in the nineteenth century despite the risks and expenses involved in ruling directly.
In comparing colonial experiences, the colonial period in Asia and Africa had nothing like the devastating demographic consequences for indigenous peoples in the Americas.
Slavery on plantations was a critical feature of the colonial experience in the Americas but not in Asia and Africa.
Spain and Portugal played a much smaller role in the creation of European colonial empires in Asia and Africa as compared to the Americas.
While European colonizers did have an impact on some regions of Africa, they had a greater impact on the Americas.