Don't let me catch you this time on vocabulary! There are a lot of terms you'll probably need to learn in this chapter.
By the way, for Monday /Tuesday, make sure you can write out the five point definition of thesis as I explained it to you. Also, be ready to define the verbs used in writing prompts. If you are organizationally challenged, all that can be found on the website, dig!
Mr. Bingham, What time is the de Blij help after school over?
It's scheduled to end by four, but last time we went until 4:40, but you can leave when you need to.
Disappointing action here. If you didn't see me today, you need to Wiki the demographic transition model. It's on you to do the learning!
I'm not sure how many of the populations we're supposed to know. the numbers seem like it would be "memorizing the chapter". For population knowledge so far I have: human population surpassed the billion mark around 1820. gained another billion in one century. Another in 30 years and then one more(4 billion mark) 15 years later.1975.
I took note that for the first time in thousands of years the population in urban areas outdid the countryside regions.
Good news: population increase is slowing down. Bad news: we'll probably have another 3 billion before the 22nd century.
Generalizing the populations is risky(ex: western state in India is growing 3 times as fast as a southern state) I'm comparing that example to using a median over a mean. the mean(average) is thrown off by extremes. I'm not sure if that will help anyone else but it works for me so I'm throwing it out there.
ULTIMATE DEMOGRAPHIC GENERALIZATION IS BASED ON THE PLANET AS A WHOLE. does anyone else think that's really important? did i get the gist of that sentence? (pg. 72. 1st sentence under "the global spiral"
Negative population increase. instead of population decrease
Natural increase is found by subtracting the mortality rate from the birth rate.
"So called replacement rate" is if one person dies then 2 more replace him/her. (2.1)
Iran went from ~7 to ~2 (fertility)
Shrinking population with a raising life expectancy is negative.
I think this is IMPORTANT. The difference between immigration and emigration.
EMIGRATION: leaving ones native country. (so immigration only from the native countrys point of view)
IMMIGRATION: movement from one place to another. (countries) its long term. example: a tourist is not viewed as an immigrant.
responses would be appreciated. also if i got something wrong please say so. if you have a different definition or something to add please do
That's a lot to respond to in one post, try to be a little more concise and break them up, it's easier to engage with you that way. I'll try to work my way through this one...
You need to know the 1 billion to 7 billion thing, but that's all in terms of numbers.
You are correct about the extremes, generalizations in demography are sometimes misleading because regional issues can be missed.
Rural to urban is important.
Slowing population is good, it goes to the heart of things and will lead you to part of thesis.
Gotta go, I'll come back to this later.
Okay, I promised to come back to this...
This all looks good, but think about it this way; emigration is a measure of the number of people leaving a given political unit, like a country. Immigration is a measure of people moving in to a given political unit. A single individual could count on both sides of that stat. A person who moved away from country X, and a person who moved to country Y. Migration is an umbrella term that includes both and the forces that push and pull people away from and to countries.
I was confused on the thesis of chapter 3. would it happen to be:ZGP will narrow the gap between rich and poor/lessen global inequalities(good side), but the nuclear violence level is rising(bad side)?
By golly, I think you have it Savannah! Do you see how the phrasing could be changed around, but that's the idea all right.
When de Blij talks about what's holding us back from becoming a completely flat world, what does he mean by one language will become our mother tongue, but few people will be raised with it? Also what is he trying to say will happen to religion?
Your question about religion is too vague to answer, but I'll help you with language. His position is that there will be a language that all people (most anyway) will have a common language that they learn that isn't the
ooops. Sorry about that, picking up on the above...
He's talking about a common language that is available for use throughout most of the world, but that probably isn't the "tongue", or language that you learned first, from your mother, your "mother tongue". Get it. This common language is often referred to as a lingua franca, from Italian. English is the most likely to become this common language as things stand now. A common language "flattens" (figuratively) because it makes communication, trade, diplomacy, education, etc. easier between people of different countries or cultures.
Just thought of an essay prompt for this chapter : compare and contrast the demographic prospects for the core with those of the periphery.
Hi Mr. Bingham,
I have been thinking about that prompt and this is a thesis I came up with:
The population growth in the core, if any, will be due to immigration, while population growth in the periphery will be due to high fertility rates.
Could this be a good thesis? Thoughts? Comments etc...
Does de Blij use ZPG to support that nuclear violence is rising? After looking at Savannah's comment, I can't seem to find it anywhere.
Neither Savannah, nor de Blij, is saying that there is a causal relationship[p between ZPG and nuclear violence. His thesis is in two parts, and those ideas are containedin separate parts of his thesis. Not to split hairs, but de Blij doesn't say nuclear violence is on the rise, he's saying the threat of it is on the rise.
I don't quite understand what de Blij means when he says, under "What Does The Future Hold?", "so much for notions of the world flattening". What is he saying when talking about the world "flattening"?
The general idea of it is it talks about how the internet is "flattening" the Earth as far communication and other factors.That's just one point of it but not a full answer.
Hi McKenzie, I could have sworn I addressed this idea here and in class, but hey, I'm old maybe I didn't in your class. So anyway, de Blij uses the term "flat" or "flattening" in a figurative sense. It comes from a book by Thomas Freidman called The World is Flat. It's about globalization and the ever increasing interconnectedness and interdependence in the world due to technologies like the satellites, the internet and jet travel. You know, metaphorically the mountain between two cities was a barrier, and now that mountain in flattening?
If my thesis was: ZPG will narrow the gap between economic classes, but levels of violence are rising rapidly and unpredictably, would it be correct?
That's probably a good way to write it I wrote The ZPG is narrowing the gap between rich and poor but the "Great Hazard" still remains on the rise and in full effect.Is that through Mr.Bingham?
I mean the Ultimate Hazard
Yes, but be more explicit about the violence.
Would an acceptable definition of of offshoring be the practice of basing some of a company's processes or services overseas
Yeak Clint, works for me. Great posts this time!
Although ZGP narrows the economic disparities between the core and periphery, the threat of nuclear violence is becoming more prominent.
Does anyone know what offshoring is? I asked a couple people and we all have different answers. The definition I have is : being in a foreign country.
Is that right? If not, what is ?
Hi Danielle, when you Google search a term like that, you need to keep the context in mind. The discussion has to do with business and trade, so you need to recognize that that definition isn't going to be enough. Your answer is here, in the first paragraph of the Wiki.
Dudes, I was just re-reading this chapter. Vocabulary is like a shark swimming in the dark waters. Don't be a victim!
I had two questions:
1. What is the difference between GNI and GNP? I read the Wikipedia article but I am still confused.
2. What is a secular lifestyle?
A secular lifestyle is basically when someone lives a life that isn't influenced by any religion
I'm not very sure about the difference between GNI and GNP but I think GNI takes into consideration the income and taxes earned internationally and domestically while GNP is the income and taxes earned by domestic citizens
Well done Nia!
Gross National Income, I'll explain GNP in class, or I already did if you saw me Friday.
Secular is a straightforward definition, so you should be able to infer that kind of lifestyle, it's the lifestyle of most Americans.
Going back and reading the chapter again I don't quite understand why de Blij name the second section "The Global Spiral". Any idea?
It talks about where we were headed and how the Green Revolution put the brakes on it for a short point and it explains the side effects of the big population explosion and the advancements in hygiene and medicine.And the industrial revolution's role in helping with the population growth
Okay so in not good wit remembering dates and numbers but will we be required to know statistic of the countries DiBlij exposes us to?
Sorry for spelling :)
I would say just identify patterns within the numbers and determine the increases and decreases that way it elliminates the burden of trying to memorize all those numbers.But then again I think he just wants us to know the background of the graphs and charts and what it's telling and pointing to like the stuff De Blij elaborates on not so much the exact statistics.
Also what do you think de blij trying to connect when he talks about Russia and Japan page 78 because my brains having a spasm and i mean understand that Japan's economy started becoming sclerotic or unable to adapt but why? I'm missing something so is he saying that population stabilizing due to advanced modernization not always the case?? Ugh brain fart!
Again so sorry for spelling and grammar :)
You really need to work on grammar, it's hard to what you mean.
This blog is like a treasure-trove of information!! Thanks everyone for indirectly helping me out. I really think I'm going to ace this test. : - )
On what page does embitterment come up in the chapter? I've heard a lot of people talking about it (plus the tutorial) and I can't find it anywhere.
I FINALLY LEARNED HOW TO HACK THROUGH THE JUNGLE!!!!!! Not fully but I'm getting there each day....
So just to clarify, the two main reasons 2011 will be remembered is because it was the year the growing human population passed 7 billion and and the number of of the world's inhabitants in urban areas had began to outnumber those still living in rural areas? And, would the second part of that just be the concept of urbanization?
Yes that might be acceptable I don't know but just to be specific and quote it just as de Blij says I would put "the world's urban inhabitants began to outnumber those still living in the country" but to sum it up cause you don't want say it "verbadum" you could say urbanization or there are more people living and moving to cities than those in the country. YOU GOT IT!
I keep hacking when it's dusk AHAH oh boy.
Oh and can somebody reply with some vocab they found? Wanna make sure I didn't miss anything!
embitterment<-----pay close attention to this one its super tricky
There's a lot of words i found but it all depends on you even though it may not be on the test it still helps to get familiar with some of the words and enrich you vocabulary.
embitterment<-----pay close attention to this one its super tricky
There's a lot of words i found but it all depends on you even though it may not be on the test it still helps to get familiar with some of the words and enrich you vocabulary.
I've looked up embitterment through multiple sources (including a dictionary, wikipedia, and just googling it) however no matter what I do I just keep seeing things about bitterness and that doesn't exactly sound right. Do you think that someone could explain that one?
literati, green revolution, agglomeration, (the way De blij uses the word) barricades, & convergence are some more words that I was not familiar with..may be helpful may be not c:
does anyone know what were supposed to know about "draconian measures" ? I looked it up and found a book. is there some sort of mindset used in that book were supposed to know about? or am I looking too hard and missing the obvious
Might be a bit late right now, but draconian measures just mean really harsh efforts, you know? Just a word that we don't know the meaning of.
I really didn't find that important...I mean its whatver you feel is right but i really didn't feel like that was all that important.In the words of Mr.Bingham always when you find information always relate it back to the thesis and the main idea/topics in the chapter which in this case is demography and geography.So do you feel that draconian measures coincide with demography and geography.
oh. I figured it was something we should know since its not common knowledge but I guess so. it just adds a small detail. well. describes the evidence. which would make it related and not relevant? (not at all. I got a lot out of your comments so thank you :D )
ALRIGHT. so me and clinton have been discussing this trying to figure it out. the low fertility rates are bad (as stated on page 74) because " as their populations "matured" and then "aged," the burden of the growing number of oldsters was a challenge". I thought that meant that because there were more old people leaving the work force than there were being replaced by the younger people and the number of young folks there were to fill the jobs of those who left would fall short and have difficulties paying taxes (especially towards all those older people's pensions). Clinton thought that it's bad because there will be less people working to pay taxes towards our government resulting in a poor economy and work force. What do you guys think, or is it a mix of the two?
Based on what I've heard in Mr. Bingham's class and the tutorial today I agree with Clinton
Do we have to know the primary - quartinary productions for this test??
I know this is last-minute, but where am I able to find the information on outsourcing, offshoring, and embitterment? I hope I'm studying the right chapter...
Haha, it's okay, you've totally got the right chapter.
Google definitions will usually pull up the right answer for most of these words, however I can't find "embitterment" either. Any help, guys???
Also, a good site for definitions is http://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/british/
or just wikipedia.
Pg 71 2nd paragraph but it says embittering
Thank you Zii and Clinton!
OH! Another thing: outsourcing and offshoring tie into each other but ARE NOT THE SAME THING.
This really tripped me up in my note-taking, so I thought I should add that. Sorry if it was kind of stupid.
@Caleb Crowder I have a mild discontent or deep grief he wants it in the same context as it was written so I would put deep grief because it says"remains harsh,violent,and embittering for millions of residents
What chapter are we doing next?
What was of the 4 stages of country development, and wealth? For example India is a primary country and the U.S. is a quaternary country.
I found so much vocabulary in just the first sections of this chapter, and I feel like Mr. Bingham is going to be vocab-heavy on this test, but did anyone find embittering or anything INCREDIBLY significant/useful in the maps?
Embittering is having the effect of making people feel bitter. Bitter means resentful, angry at the circumstances.
Thank you, Mr. Bingham, but is that the same thing that Clinton was saying about embitterment? There's different endings, but sometimes that can be significant...
Thank you! I have another; What were the four stages of country development and wealth? For example, India is a primary country and the U.S. is a quaternary country.
Primary raw resources
Quaternary im spacing on what it does
Quaternary provides information systems such as Google. It's a main resource that virtually anyone can use to find information.
What page did you find these answers on?
Can someone help me with conurbation and the flattening metaphor?? All these online definitions are no help for conurbation so examples would be amazing.. Also I have some idea of the flattening of earth but its still kinda hazy... Heelllp
Hey, Taysia, if you could tell me what your idea of flattening is, then i can probably help you more, and maybe explain if anything sounds wrong, because i've got a pretty good idea
Okay well I think what De blij means when he says this is that there's no interesting bumps or cracks in the world per say like its all becoming monotone in places where it should be exotic from where we live..
Is the next test going to be vocab-heavy?
I think it really depends on whether or not the chapter is vocal-heavy, so i would skim the chapter to find out.
Okay, yeah, that's a little weird.
What I think he means is that the world is becoming a more globally connected place. Remember when Mr. B was talking about the "lingua franca"? That term means something like "worldwide language", which would be a language that is internationally spoken, understood, and accepted, unifying us as a planet.
Is that understandable? (Correct me if i'm wrong, guys)
No Zii I think your idea is more understandable than mine- definitely. I'm just freaking out cause I left the book in my locker. But yeah I think your right because I remember De blij using the term "mother tounge"
What caused the "Green Revolution"? I know we went over it in class, but it is still a little unclear to me.
Okay, so this is the best answer I found online, hope it helps :)
Term "Green Revolution" is applied to the period from 1967 to 1978. Between 1947 and 1967, efforts at achieving food self-sufficiency were not entirely successful. Efforts until 1967 largely concentrated on expanding the farming areas. But starvation deaths were still being reported in the newspapers. In a perfect case of Malthusian economics, population was growing at a much faster rate than food production. This called for drastic action to increase yield. The action came in the form of the Green Revolution.
The term "Green Revolution" is a general one that is applied to successful agricultural experiments in many Third World countries. It is NOT specific to India. But it was most successful in India.
There were three basic elements in the method of the Green Revolution:
(1) Continued expansion of farming areas;
(2) Double-cropping existing farmland;
(3) Using seeds with improved genetics.
Continued expansion of farming areas
Double-cropping existing farmland
Using seeds with superior genetics
The Green Revolution resulted in a record grain output of 131 million tons in 1978-79. This established India as one of the world's biggest agricultural producers. No other country in the world which attempted the Green Revolution recorded such level of success. India also became an exporter of food grains around that time.
Crop areas under high-yield varieties needed more water, more fertilizer, more pesticides, fungicides and certain other chemicals. This spurred the growth of the local manufacturing sector. Such industrial growth created new jobs and contributed to the country's GDP.
The Green Revolution created plenty of jobs not only for agricultural workers but also industrial workers by the creation of lateral facilities such as factories and hydro-electric POWER STATIONS.
India transformed itself from a starving nation to an exporter of food. This earned admiration for India in the comity of nations, especially in the Third World.
However, in today's globalised economic scenario, 100 per cent self-sufficiency is not considered as vital a target as it was when the world political climate was more dangerous due to the Cold War.
Nothing like the Bengal Famine can happen in India again. But it is disturbing to note that even today, there are places like Kalahandi (in India's eastern state of Orissa) where famine-like conditions have been existing for many years and where some starvation deaths have also been reported. Of course, this is due to reasons other than availability of food in India, but the very fact that some people are still starving in India (whatever the reason may be), brings into question whether the Green Revolution has failed in its overall social objectives though it has been a resounding success in terms of agricultural production.
Wow!! Thanks :)
If anyone wants to do a skype session, i'm zii.freeman99
okay, sould someone remind me of the definitions for GNI and GNP? My notebook got misplaced/stolen... :/
okay, would someone remind me of the definitions for GNI and GNP? My notebook got misplaced/stolen... :/
Gross national product (GNP) is the market value of all the products and services produced in one year by labor and property supplied by the residents of a country
Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all officially recognized final goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time
Thanks so much, that really helps
okay, can someone tell me what context agglomeration is in in the book, because i can't find it again w/o reading the chapter over again.
Based off of all the good information put out in this forum as well as in-class discussion , I made an online flashcard set you can print out or whatever you want. There are basic definitions and straight-from-text stuff
If you think there's something missing just comment on here and I'll go add it.
This is perfect. Thanks!
Wow, this is great and totally encompassing of the stuff we need! Thanks so much Jaelynn!!
Is too late for schedule changes?!?!?!?
DONT GIVE UP YET
Can we use your room on Wednesdats during lunch for our study group.We promise to stay focus,study,not to disrupt anyone,talk too loud and clean up after ourselves!!!!!!! Please!!!!!!
That's a great idea! Absolutely yes. I'll kick out the usual crowd if they can't be quiet.
we'll shut up ;p
hey guys; so this isn't about the retest of chapter three, but I'm a little bit confused about the essay. I understand the thesis part and how your whole essay should be answering the thesis in a way, but I'm a little confused about the evidence. I know it's specific (but not number statistics, unless you're incredibly confident in that) but I'm just not sure about where they work into the essay. I'm researching and going through de Blij right now for things about the core and periphery and working out issues that could arise between them, but I'm just not 100% on what the evidence is exactly.
hey guys; so this isn't about the retest of chapter three, but I'm a little bit confused about the essay. I understand the thesis part and how your whole essay should be answering the thesis in a way, but I'm a little confused about the evidence. I know it's specific (but not number statistics, unless you're incredibly confident in that) but I'm just not sure about where they work into the essay. I'm researching and going through de Blij right now for things about the core and periphery and working out issues that could arise between them, but I'm just not 100% on what the evidence is exactly!
Maybe someone can post here and say it in a better way. Evidence is facts, examples, stuff in and of the world. It's anything that is more real or concrete than just your opinion.
In your essay, you are going to make a direct comparison between the core and periphery regarding a demographic issue in the future as the topic sentence for a paragraph. And that comparison should be one of the categories you used in your thesis.
Okay, so that's the topic sentence. What you are going to "say" next is the real world stuff that makes the comparison you just made become obvious. That's the evidence.
Pretend I'm writing a comparative essay comparing food crops in the Americas with those in Eurasia. I might have a topic sentence like this: While there was a wide variety of cereal grains available in Eurasia, they were limited in the Americas. (Okay, that works as a topic sentence and it's a direct comparison.) Now I might go on to say: Depending on the exact area, rice, wheat, barley, and other grains were present in large parts of Eurasia. Through various means of exchange, people in Eurasia had been exposed to and had tried most of these cereal grains. In America however, maize was the only available cereal grain, and would remain so until the Colombian Exchange. (See? Three factoid type things that support what I said in the topic sentence.) Then I need to finish of the para with some analysis, I have to answer, "so what?". It might look like this: This variation in available grains explains the earlier emergence of complex societies in Eurasia than in the Americas.
Hope that helps. Someone else can chime in...
It helps a whole lot, and Lynn has been helping me a little off to the side, but I'm still struggling with finding the future demographic issues between the core and periphery... so far (with reading in de Blij) I'm not sure, but I think I've found that there's problems in border control that are growing, malnutrition and lack of potable water in the Peripheries, and unequal diets in the Peripheries. Then there's the fact that population is slowly declining everywhere, though I'm contradicting myself because I thought, for example, that India was soon to be the most densely populated place on the Earth, so that would have to mean their population is continuing to grow. Anyone correct me on any of those topics
Look, scan through the chapter, and/or maybe these posts, constantly asking, "how is the future different between the core and the periphery, and how is it the same. If you contain that thinking within chapter three, it has to be a "demographic issue", what you need to look for is the "the future" part of the prompt.
After looking further into it, I came up with these thesis statements- is it acceptable, too vague, wrong, etc.?
Thesis 1: While the Core and periphery are learning how to cope with their populations economically and politically, the core's population is stable or decreasing and the periphery's population continues to grow and overflow into core countries, creating problems for both sides.
Thesis 2: While the core's population as a whole is declining, the core must deal with the periphery's growing population and overflow into core countries as they both learn to cope with their own changing populations.
Okay, I'm not going to give you a definitive response here. I'll tell you why in another time and place. But I will pose a couple of questions that will guide your thinking.
In your first thesis, will you be able to make a clear connection from the "economically and politically" to demographics?
In your second, the "core must deal"...are you going to "talk" about the core or the periphery? Think about the fundamental idea of the question, similarities and differences. So you are going to "say" the core has to "deal", but the periphery....uh, doesn't?
Ask yourself for each thesis, "so what are my categories?"
Hello everyone, Mr. Bingham I wanted to know if I was on the right track with my thesis for the essay. While the core's population is declining as a whole, the periphery's population is overflowing due to a lack of jobs,however in the core more opportunities are available which has led people to switch from the periphery to the core.
Do you mean immigrate rather than switch? Do you have evidence based categories?
Yes, I meant immigrate and examples of the evidence I came up with are the criteria it takes to be a core country and periphery country.
I'm a little bit confused about the tense of this essay. In class, you mentioned that though the essay will be talking about the future, the entirety of it must be in past tense... You mentioned something about how to work with this issue, though I cannot recall just what you said. Would we be able to write the essay in future perfect tense? (ex. will have done...) I know this isn't really related to the subject matter of the essay, but it is kind of throwing me off in trying to plan out my writing, especially in talking about projections for the core and periphery. Thanks!
Hey Guys, so I understand the process of writing a Thesis, and what makes it correct. But since I wasn't in class the day this essay was talked about, (I don't know if you talked about his at all). But I wanted to now if since this is a compare and contrast essay, if the Thesis or any other part of the body/summary changed in any way. Or if there is a certain way to write the Thesis. Examples would be very helpful!
For example, you can have 1 similarity and 2 differences. You would break down the similarity in one paragraph and one body paragraph for each of the differences
What does de Blij mean at the beginning of chapter 4 that there is no such thing as global warming?
This might be a tad bit late, but what de Blij basically means is that "Global" Warming would mean that every inch of the planet would be increasing in temperature. However, that's not the case because de Blij has asserted that "Average" planetary temperature increase is easily supported by incontrovertible evidence because according to the book, de Blij states states that the planet's average temperature is obviously warmer than 40 years ago, however there will always be places where the temperature will remain low or might even decrease further. Hope this helps.
On the last two tests I kept messing up on the question asking what the thesis of the chapter was and I need help to understand where and/ or how I can find it and how I should write it back down on the test? Do I write it in regular thesis form following the five basic steps or is there some other way to get the point across that I know the thesis?
You can't really know until you've read and digested the chapter. Then look for a statement or two that defines his message in the chapter. What is the point!
Hey Mr. Bingham (or anyone), can you tell me what a "So What?" is (in reference to the parent e-mail)?
I'm going to go ahead and say that's too bold an honorific for this forum.
Let me give you and example, if I say, demography is the study of human populations. I might say, so what? You might reply, if we don't understand demography we are heading for a global crisis in food supply, disease, and international conflict. See, the first is just factual, the so what is why the fact is significant.
Thanks! That clears the So What? up for me.
Bingham: This forum is for us to engage with each other publicly about where we are struggling with the coursework and to offer each other solutions for what works for us.
Why Geography Matters More Than Ever