This is a great way for us to interact outside of class about the book. For many of you, this is a big reach in mastering a complex reading. I'm here to help, and so are your classmates. Remember, you retain 95% of what you teach, so it pays to both ask and answer questions here. This is especially useful if you are having a difficult time meeting with a study group. Allons-y!
In the preface, de Blij identified the "twin" themes/theses/messages of the book as "the power of place" and how it (the power of place) "can be mitigated". He's spent the majority of the previous nine chapters explaining the power of place with just a little attention to his second theme. I think he's done a good job making a convincing argument that "place" is indeed powerful. It's hard to imagine anyone reading those chapters and not being persuaded. Where one is born is likely the most significant factor in one's future and one's world view.
Now, in chapter 10, he turns his attention almost exclusively to his second theme. What do you think? Are you persuaded? How does he support his positions? What are the concrete details, and when does he venture into speculation?
This is the last time you'll use this forum this year as your virtual study group. Make it work, get engaged, and don't wait until the last minute!
This forum proved to be such a great tool for some people during the year, I thought an open forum would be a good idea. Here you can share ideas, ask about topics or essays, give feedback regarding GetAFive.com, whatever. I know you have a Facebook page, but I monitor this and I just might be useful to you with the exam only a few weeks away.
Well, let's get started! Interesting stuff about the tremendous force of urbanization and its influence in the lives of people. Remember to follow these steps.
1. Survey the chapter - how is it organized? what are the sub headings? what do the maps and images portray?
2. Start an outline, chart or web using the same organizational structure as de Blij.
3. Separate main ideas/analysis (commentary) from supporting data (concrete details)
4. Connect every detail to a main idea. Make sure your outline/chart/web shows this relationship.
5. Look up every unknown word or location and write a definition or description in the margin of the book.
6. Read through the chapter focusing on the main ideas. Update or rework the outline/chart/web as you go.
7. Repeat step 6 as many times as you need to based on your experience with these tests.
8. Talk to someone about the chapter focusing on the main ideas, things that you found interesting, things that you didn't know before.
9. Read through your outline/chart/web slowly, quietly and thoughtfully the morning of the test.
10. Kill the test!
The Strayer 19 test was an epic disaster! But because I believe in redemption, I'll make this deal with each of you. If you score 90 or above on this reading check and 80 or above on this test (Chapter 20) I'll curve the scores for the chapter 19 test. I believe this wasn't a misunderstanding problem, this was a didn't-do-the-work problem.
So anyway, colonialism.
BP1: Why were Asian and African societies incorporated into European colonial empires later than those of the Americas? How would you compare their colonial experiences?
Europeans incorporated Asian and African societies into their empires later than those of the Americas for a number of reasons, including their lack of a disease advantage over indigenous populations and, in fact, in the case of tropical regions the distinct disease disadvantage of Europeans compared to indigenous populations (remember episode III of Guns, Germs & Steel?)
Also a factor was the Europeans’ reliance on military advantages gained from the Industrial Revolution.
And there was internal competition between European states that drove the accumulation of colonial territories in the nineteenth century despite the risks and expenses involved in ruling directly.
In comparing colonial experiences, the colonial period in Asia and Africa had nothing like the devastating demographic consequences for indigenous peoples in the Americas.
Slavery on plantations was a critical feature of the colonial experience in the Americas but not in Asia and Africa.
Spain and Portugal played a much smaller role in the creation of European colonial empires in Asia and Africa as compared to the Americas.
While European colonizers did have an impact on some regions of Africa, they had a greater impact on the Americas.
Hope you find these topics as interesting as I do.
BP1: How did European expansion in the nineteenth century differ from that of the Early Modern Era?
Europe in the nineteenth century utilized immense new resources created by the Industrial Revolution to drive its expansion.
European states were more powerful in the nineteenth century and were able to field more military resources in their imperialist competition with each other.
To a greater extent than before, in the nineteenth century Europe integrated other parts of the world in networks of trade, investment, and sometimes migration. This eventually generated a new world economy.
Unlike the early modern period, in the nineteenth century European expansion brought with it a new culture of modernity—its scientific rationalism and technological achievements, its belief in a better future, and its ideas of nationalism, socialism, feminism, and individualism.
On another note, Strayer uses (and I'm semi-paraphrasing here as the book's not in front of me) "millennial religious movements". I think it unlikely you know what that means. So look it up. As a mean old history teacher, I'm likely to assess your understanding of that. Remember "transubstantiation" and how that bloodied your nose? (Is that a pun?)
Don't ignore images, charts and maps. Look at the image on the WHAP page, that's the way I feel about reading.